Turkish is a complex language where you will find steps of other cultures as well. As the questions and answers are very flexible, I will write down the most basic ones at first.
Construct the answer sentence. Locate the word or phrase that is the actual answer to the question. Just replace that word or phrase with the appropriate question word. Let's apply this on an example. The question we want to ask is, "Who is this?". The answer would be ''this is my mother'' or something like that. First, we constructed the sentence. This means ''bu'' and is doesn't have a meaning in Turkish, just a verb. The translation would be ''Bu, benim annem.'' as you asked ''Who is this?'' BU kim?
Asking questions in Italian is a little different as you have to use conjugation for each verb and there are articles for each word. As a start, I want to give examples on easy question types.
Dov'è la mamma? (Where is my mother?) Paola è carina, no? (Paolo is nice, isn't she?) Che fai? (What are you doing?)
The most common problem is to ask questions in foreign languages although it's one of the easiest subjects. Let's have a look at how to ask questions in German, as a sample, the difference between yes-no and w-questions.
IN English, you can't answer yes or no to questions like ''when,why,who,what'' , but we can say yes-no to questions like ''do you...,can you...,is it...''etc. Examples: Willst du noch ein Bier? (Do you want another beer?) Ja, Ich will noch ein Bier. (Yes, I want another beer.) : You could've just said ''ja'' or ''nein'' as an answer in short terms. Wann ist der Film? (When is the film? meanning when does it start): You can not say ''yes or no'' as answer. Um Zehn nach zehn Uhr. (At 10:10 p.m.)