Which of the following is the correct use of the passato remoto tense for the verb "mangiare" - to eat? All verbs represented are in the third person plural form: a) mangiavano b) hanno mangiato c) mangiarono d) mangiano
The correct answer is C. The answer A, mangiavo, represents the Italian imperfetto tense, and while it translates to "they ate," as the passato remoto tense asks for, the imperfetto tense applies only to actions done long ago in one's past which no longer occur. In this case, mangiavo would be best used in a sentence such as "Cinque giorni fa, mangiavano bene." - "Five days ago, they ate well." The answer B, hanno mangiato, represents the Italian passato prossimo tense. This translates to "they have eaten," which implies something done recently but still in the past. Passato remoto is for actions that occurred long, long ago relative to the person talking, such as occurrences in history. The passato prossimo is a tense one would use to describe something happening a few hours ago. The answer D, mangiano, represents the Italian present tense. This translates into "they eat." The passato remoto is part of the past tense, making this answer incorrect. The answer C, mangiarono, is the only correct answer. It translates into "they ate," in the sense of the remote past. It would best be used in a sentence such as "I Romani mangiarono le uve nel anno 300." - "The Romans ate grapes in the year 300." As the passato remoto requires, this action takes place far, far in the past relative to the speaker.
You are trying to convince your cat to take a bath. Choose an Aristotelian Appeal (ethos, pathos, logos) that you might use in this argument, define it, and explain how your chosen appeal may be helpful in persuading your cat to shower.
There is no wrong choice of appeal in this question. Depending on which the student chooses, his or her answer should vary. In the case of an appeal to ethos, students should reference some sort of credibility. Whether they say that doctors say that showering is good or that they themselves believe showering is good, this answer should contain the elements of one, a credible source, and two, a suggestion. In definition, ethos is a representation of credibility meant to persuade the listener(s). In the case of an appeal to pathos, students should reference some sort of emotionality. They may suggest crying or telling scary stories about cats who did not shower. This argument should play on the cat's emotions and essentially guilt or scare them into showering. What emotion this argument plays on is unimportant as long as emotion is present. By definition, pathos is a representation of emotionality meant to persuade the listener(s) by eliciting an emotional response. In the case of an appeal to logos, students should reference some sort of logic or common sense. They could convince their cat to shower by talking about the benefits involved if they do, or the detriments of being unclean. It is unimportant what argument they make, as long as it appeals to their cat's sense of logic. By definition, logos is a representation of reason, meant to persuade the listener(s) by appeals to their common sense.
In which of the following sentences is 'lay' used correctly? a) I laid my head on the table in exasperation. b) The man laid down for a rest after his jog. c) We lay there for hours. d) I was laying down when I heard the noise.
The correct answer is A. The verb 'to lay' is a transitive verb, meaning that it requires a direct object to function correctly in a sentence. The difference between 'to lay' and 'to lie' is the power of the verbs to do an action. One can 'lay' an object down, but cannot 'lie' an object down. Laying is synonymous to putting, placing or setting. Lying is synonymous to recline, sprawl, or rest. Answers B, C, and D lack a direct object, and would all be correct if only 'lay' were replaced with 'lie.'