# Tutor profile: Eliana Y.

## Questions

### Subject: Psychology

What does the Functional Equivalence Hypothesis refer to?

The Functional Equivalence Hypothesis refers to the idea that objects are thought about by envisioning a mental picture of them. This is why it takes a long time to rotate shapes in our minds, or find places farther away physically on a mental map as well.

### Subject: Statistics

What does a p-value of 0.06 mean?

A p-value of 0.06 means that there is a 6% chance that the results that have been found are random. This means that it is most likely that the results at hand have turned out the way they did because of some inherent reason you are looking for, but there is still a small (6%) chance that the results turned up a certain way just because that is how the numbers came out. This is to say, you may have come out with a result that seems really cool but it might not be that there is actually anything significant about what you found. This would be a false-positive scenario, a Type 1 Error.

### Subject: Data Science

What is unique about Bayesian models as compared to standard probability models?

Bayesian models create probability estimates based on current information as it is updated, rather than estimating probabilities at the outset.