Trace the influence of women writers in American letters. In your response you might consider these questions among others: What themes do they address? How do they challenge social mores? What influence do they have on the social and political climate in America
Escaping the Yellow Wallpaper Throughout the past three centuries there has been several women that have challenged the status quo of a women’s place that was defined by men. These women influenced the women’s liberation movement by their poems, stories, and novels. A list of these women are Anne Bradstreet of the 17th century who addresses several themes, Harriet Beecher Stowe Harriet Jacobs of the 18th century who influence social and political climate in American, and Kate Chopin and Charlotte Perkins Gilman of the 19th century who challenge social mores. First Anne Bradstreet of the 17th century challenged a women’s current standing in society by becoming an educated female who could write as well as any man. She illustrated how women are often portrayed a weak, uneducated vessels in her poems. Her poem “Prologue” provides an ironic display of how her work is minuscule compared to the works of other poets and historians. She says, “My obscure lines shall not so dim their worth.” Despite their disapproval of her work; Bradstreet continues to write. “I am obnoxious to each carping tongue. Who says my hand a needle better fits.” In that line she challenges every man that says a women’s role is simple a housekeeper. She continues to state that no one will believe that she could’ve written these poems herself. “If what I do prove well, it won’t advance, they’ll say it’s stolen, or else it was by chance.” Next Harriet Beecher Stowe, Harriet Jacobs of the 18th century challenge the status of women by becoming influential women that drastically changed history. Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin influenced the Civil War as President Lincoln noticed her as the “the little lady who made this big war.” After its publication, she become popular and had an important place in society. Harriet Jacobs challenged the status of women in her autobiography Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl which tells her struggle to escape from slavery where she experienced emotional and sexual abuse by her owner. Jacobs identified several problems that female slaves experienced, and her novel informed and united white and African American women alike on their struggles with white men powers’ over them. “When he told me that I was made for his use, made to obey his command in everything; that I was nothing but a slave, whose will must and should surrender to his, never before had my puny arm felt half so strong.” In this quote, she demonstrates how she has not grown weaker from her experiences, but stronger in light of what she has gone through. Lastly, Kate Chopin and Charlotte Perkins Gilman of the 19th century challenge social mores of society in their short stories “Desiree’s Baby” and “The Yellow Wallpaper”. Kate Chopin’s story “Desiree’s Baby” displays several social mores of the antebellum period; one of these mores is sexism. In that time, men were treated as more intelligent than women. Armand Aubigny thinks he is doing a marvelous thing by marrying a “nameless” girl (422). Why, “he could give her one of the oldest and proudest [names] in Louisiana” (422). Chopin shows an authoritarian relationship between Armand and Desiree. “When he frowned she trembled, but loved him” (423). Desiree had an unhealthy fear of her husband which suggests he could have been verbally or physically abusive. When the couple finds out their baby is part black, Armand automatically assumes that black descent in from Desiree’s side of the family. He doesn’t bother to consider that he could be of black descent. “It means… that the child is not white; it means that you are not white” (424). Similar to Chopin, Gilman challenged several social mores in her story “The Yellow Wallpaper” including the mistreatment of “women’s troubles”, the indifferent attitudes of men in the Victorian marriage, and the lack of creative and intellectual stimulation for women at the time. In “The Yellow Wallpaper” the narrator undergoes a rest-cure where she does nothing but rest. In result, she does mad because of the lack of intellectual stimulation. Her husband though he cares, is gone for most of the story and thinks he knows what is best for his wife in this situation, and ignores her suggestions. The narrator is told to stop writing as everyone “thinks it is the writing which made [her] sick” (489). When the narrator becomes aware of the woman behind the yellow wallpaper, she mentions several times how she must break her free. The narrator feels trapped by the social mores of a woman’s role in the 19th century. She sees the yellow wallpaper as a prison keeping her from independence. “I’ve got out at last… in spite of you and Jane! And I’ve pulled off most of the paper, so you can’t put me back!” (497). In conclusion, just as Jane escaped the yellow wallpaper, these women writers sought to escape the image that they were portrayed as by men. Through informing the population of this fabricated image of what a women is, they destroyed it- tearing down the old wallpaper to create a new image for themselves. Would these ladies like the image of a women that is now portrayed today? That, is the question. Reference:: The Norton Anthology of English Literature. 8th ed. Eds. Stephen Greenblatt et al. Vol A. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 2006. 275-283. Print.
What to consider when planning an early childhood classroom?
1. Class Transitions 2. Classroom Management 3. Classroom Layout 4. Hands-on Experiences 5. Make it fun - It's their first school experience. Make it fun and exciting, not boring.
The most influential person in education and why?
You. Because you hold the capacity of change in your fingertips. Also, Horace Mann, an American politician who reformed education in the United States. He firmly believed that education should be available and free. He advocated that the government build public schools and train teachers. He is known as the Father of American public education. Another possible answer is Socrates who encouraged the idea of seeking knowledge and the importance of being able to not only define something, but comprehend it or at least acknowledge your lack of ability to comprehend it. The "most influential person in education" could be one of the thousand of people who made an impact on education.